Tuesday 23rd October 2018

Brazil’s 200-Year-Old National Museum Hit By Huge Fire

- September 3, 2018

A huge fire has engulfed the National Museum of Brazil in Rio de Janeiro, the oldest scientific institution in the country. Firefighters are tackling the blaze at the building, which contains more than 20 million items in its collection.

There have so far been no reports of any injuries in Sunday’s fire.

The museum, which once served as the residence for the Portuguese royal family, celebrated its 200-year anniversary earlier this year.

  • In pictures: Brazil national museum in flames

Aerial images broadcast on Brazilian television showed how the fire, which started in the evening after the facility had closed for the day, had spread throughout the building.

The burning issue of a Rio in crisis

This isn’t just Brazilian history that’s gone up in flames – many see this as a metaphor for the city – and the country as a whole.

Rio de Janeiro is in crisis. Growing violence, a deep economic decline and political corruption have combined to make the city a shadow of what it once was. It was only in 2016 that it was hosting the Olympic Games – an event that Brazil poured billions of dollars into.

But the hangover from the sporting event has hit Rio hard. Add to that the fact that federal spending has been slashed, and with violence on the rise, tourism numbers have also declined.

“The value of our history cannot be measured by the damage to the building,” he added.

In an interview with Brazil’s TV Globo, the museum’s director said it was a “cultural tragedy”.

One member of staff told the network that project managers had had “tremendous difficulty” trying to secure funding for “sufficient” resources for the palace.

Another, librarian Edson Vargas da Silva, is quoted by local media describing the building, which he said had wooden floors and contained “a lot of things that burn very fast”, such as paper documents.

The museum houses thousands of items related to the history of Brazil and other countries including Egyptian artefacts, according to its website.

Its natural history collection includes important dinosaur bones and a 12,000-year-old human skeleton of a woman – the oldest ever found in the Americas.

Among the South American artefacts in the collection are archaeological findings, fossils and meteorites.

Employees had reportedly previously expressed concern about funding cuts and the dilapidated state of the building.

The institution was established in 1818 as the Royal Museum with the aim of promoting scientific research by making its collection available to specialists.

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